Stand facing east. Take the lulav in your right hand and recite the blessing “al netilat lulav.” Take the etrog in your left hand. If it is the first day of Sukkot (or the first time you are observing the mitzvah this year), recite the blessing “Shehecheyanu.” Bring the etrog and lulav together. Wave them three times to and fro in each direction. Each time the four species are brought back, their lower tips should touch the chest (over the heart).
The first to the south
The second to the north
The third to the east
The fourth upward
The fifth downward
The sixth to the west; twice southwest
And once due west.
How to Hold: The top of the etrog should be held next to the bottom of the lulav. When holding the etrog while making the movments and during Hosha’anot, its top should be covered with the fingers. When moving the lulav and etrog due west, the etrog should be uncovered.