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Westborough, MA 01581 | change

Sunday, March 12, 2017

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Calendar for: Chabad of Westborough 54 South Street, Westborough, MA 01581   |   Contact Info
Purim
Halachic Times (Zmanim)
Times for Westborough, MA 01581
5:35 AM
Dawn (Alot Hashachar):
6:13 AM
Earliest Tallit and Tefillin (Misheyakir):
7:03 AM
Sunrise (Hanetz Hachamah):
9:57 AM
Latest Shema:
10:57 AM
Latest Shacharit:
12:56 PM
Midday (Chatzot Hayom):
1:27 PM
Earliest Mincha (Mincha Gedolah):
4:25 PM
Mincha Ketanah (“Small Mincha”):
5:40 PM
Plag Hamincha (“Half of Mincha”):
6:50 PM
Sunset (Shkiah):
7:18 PM
Nightfall (Tzeit Hakochavim):
12:55 AM
Midnight (Chatzot HaLailah):
59:33 min.
Shaah Zmanit (proportional hour):
Jewish History

Moses was born on the 7th of Adar of the year 2368 from creation (1393 BCE); accordingly, Adar 14 was the 8th day of his life and the day on which he was circumcised in accordance with the Divine command to Abraham.

The festival of Purim celebrates the salvation of the Jewish people from Haman's plot "to destroy, kill and annihilate all the Jews, young and old, infants and women, in a single day."

The events of Purim extended over a period of several years, culminating in the victory celebrations of Adar 14-15 of 356 BCE. Below is a timeline of the major events. For the detailed story, see the Book of Esther and The Story of Purim

Event

 

Date

Achashveirosh ascends the throne of Persia

 

369 BCE

Achashveirosh's 180-day feast; Queen Vashti executed

 

366 BCE

Esther becomes queen

 

Tevet, 362 BCE

Haman casts lots to choose date for Jews' annihilation

 

Nissan, 357 BCE

Royal decree ordering killing of all Jews

 

Nissan 13, 357 BCE

Mordechai calls on Jews to repent; 3-day fast ordered by Esther

 

Nissan 14-16, 357 BCE

Esther goes to Achashveirosh; hosts 1st wine party with Achashveirosh and Haman

 

Nissan 16, 357 BCE

Esther's 2nd wine party; Haman's downfall and hanging

 

Nissan 17, 357 BCE

Second decree issued by Achashveirosh, empowering the Jews to defend themselves

 

Sivan 23, 357 BCE

Battles fought throughout the empire against those seeking to kill the Jews; Haman's ten sons killed

 

Adar 13, 356 BCE

Purim celebrations everywhere, except Shushan where 2nd day of battles are fought

 

Adar 14, 356 BCE

Purim celebration in Shushan

 

Adar 15, 356 BCE

Megillah written by Esther and Mordechai; Festival of Purim instituted for all generations

 

355 BCE

Laws and Customs

Purim observances include:

a) Reading of the Megillah (Book of Esther), which recounts the story of the Purim miracle.

b) Giving to the poor (gifts of money should be given to at least two poor people).

c) Sending gifts of food to friends (a minimum of two ready-to-eat foods to at least one friend).

d) The Purim feast.

e) Reciting the Al Hanissim prayer.

Customs include dressing up in disguising costumes and the traditional Purim food, the hamantash. For more detailed information, see links below.

(In Jerusalem and other ancient walled cities, the festival is observed tomorrow--see entries for Adar 15.)

Daily Thought

G‑d is always with the oppressed. Even if the oppressor is righteous and the oppressed is wicked, our sages tell us, G‑d is with the oppressed. (Lev. Rabba 27:7)

Visit the prisoners and bring them some happiness. Even if they are guilty; even if, in your eyes, they deserve whatever misery they have. Bring them joy.

And it is not only those in the penitentiary. A hospital, a home for the elderly, even a private residence of a lonely old man—these, too, can be prisons of the soul.

Purim 5736:4