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Thursday, December 14, 2017

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Calendar for: Chabad of Westborough 54 South Street, Westborough, MA 01581   |   Contact Info
Chanukah Day 2
Halachic Times (Zmanim)
Times for Westborough, MA 01581
5:32 AM
Dawn (Alot Hashachar):
6:12 AM
Earliest Tallit and Tefillin (Misheyakir):
7:08 AM
Sunrise (Hanetz Hachamah):
9:22 AM
Latest Shema:
10:08 AM
Latest Shacharit:
11:41 AM
Midday (Chatzot Hayom):
12:05 PM
Earliest Mincha (Mincha Gedolah):
2:24 PM
Mincha Ketanah (“Small Mincha”):
3:22 PM
Plag Hamincha (“Half of Mincha”):
4:15 PM
Sunset (Shkiah):
4:47 PM
Nightfall (Tzeit Hakochavim):
11:41 PM
Midnight (Chatzot HaLailah):
46:22 min.
Shaah Zmanit (proportional hour):
Jewish History

On the 25th of Kislev in the year 3622 from creation, the Maccabees liberated the Holy Temple in Jerusalem, after defeating the vastly more numerous and powerful armies of the Syrian-Greek king Antiochus IV, who had tried to forcefully uproot the beliefs and practices of Judaism from the people of Israel. The victorious Jews repaired, cleansed and rededicated the Temple to the service of G-d. But all the Temple's oil had been defiled by the pagan invaders; when the Jews sought to light the Temple's menorah (candelabra), they found only one small cruse of ritually pure olive oil. Miraculously, the one-day supply burned for eight days, until new, pure oil could be obtained. In commemoration, the Sages instituted the 8-day festival of Chanukah, on which lights are kindled nightly to recall and publicize the miracle.

Link: The Story of Chanukah

Rabbi Avraham ben David of Posquieres (Provence), known by the acronym "Raavad", wrote the famed hagaot critical notations to Maimonides' Mishneh Torah. Born approximately 1120, he passed away on the 26th of kislev of the year 4959 from creation (1198).

Link: The Lubavitcher Rebbe's analysis of a famous dispute between Maimonides and Raavad on the subject of free choice.

On this date, the "Touro Synagogue" was dedicated in Newport, Rhode Island. The synagogue, named after Isaac Touro, its first officiating rabbi, is the oldest American synagogue still standing in its original structure.

Laws and Customs

In commemoration of the miracle of Chanukah (see "Today in Jewish History" for Kislev 25) we kindle the Chanukah lights -- oil lamps or candles -- each evening of the eight-day festival, increasing the number of lights each evening. Tonight we kindle three lights. (In the Jewish calendar, the day begins at nightfall; this evening, then, commences the 3rd day of Chanukah).

The lights—which ideally should be kindled soon after sunset—must burn for at least half an hour after nightfall. Learn more about the proper lighting time here.

For a more detailed guide to Chanukah lighting click here. For text and audio of the blessings recited before lighting, click here.

Additional Chanukah observances and customs are listed below:

Special prayers of thanksgiving -- Hallel (in its full version) and Al HaNissim -- are added to the daily prayers and Grace After Meals on all eight days of Chanukah. Tachnun (confession of sins) and similar prayers are omitted for the duration of trhe festival.

On Chanukah we eat foods fried in oil -- such as latkes (potato cakes) and sufganiot (doughnuts) -- in commemoration of the miracle of the oil.

It is also customary to eat dairy foods in commemoration of Judith's heroic deed.

It is customary to play dreidel -- a game played with a spinning top inscribed with the Hebrew letters Nun, Gimmel, Hei and Shin, which spell the phrase Nes Gadol Hayah Sham, "a great miracle happened there." (It is said that when the Greeks forbade the study of Torah, Jewish children continued the study with their teachers in caves and cellars; when the agents of the king were seen approaching, the children would hide their scrolls and start to play with spinning tops...)

Links: About the dreidel

It is an age-old custom to distribute gifts of Chanukah gelt ("Chanukah money") to children on Chanukah. (It was the custom of the rebbes of Chabad-Lubavitch to give Chanukah gelt to their children and other family members on the fourth or fifth night of Chanukah; more recently, however, the Lubavitcher Rebbe encouraged the giving of Chanukah gelt every day of the festival -- except for Shabbat, when handling money is forbidden.)

Daily Thought

We all know the power of darkness—it is in the news every day. A thousand times more is the power of light.

A busy person stopping to do an act of kindness, a small child reaching up to kiss the mezuzah on the door of her room, a flickering candle for Shabbat or Chanukah—each of these are as bursts of light in the nighttime sky.

True, they rarely appear in the daily news. But the darkness of yesterday’s news will pass like the shadows of clouds while light endures forever, accumulating with every burst, until no room is left for darkness to hide.