The Talmud (Taanit 28b) lists five tragic events in Jewish history that occurred on Tammuz 17, on account of which
a fast was instituted on this day (see
Laws & Customs").
The first of these occurred in 1313 BCE, forty days after the Giving of the Torah on Sivan 6. Upon descending Mount Sinai and witnessing Israel's worship of the Golden Calf (see
"Today in Jewish History" for yesterday, Tammuz 16), Moses smashed the Tablets
inscribed with the Ten Commandments which he was carrying down from the mountain.
(for the other four tragedies of Tammuz 17, see below)
Tammuz 17 is a fast day, devoted to mourning the breaching of Jerusalem's walls and the other tragic events that occurred on this day (see "Today in Jewish History") and repenting and rectifying their causes. We refrain from all food and drink from "daybreak" (about an hour before sunrise, depending on location) until nightfall. Special prayers and Torah readings are added to the day's services.
The 17th of Tammuz also marks the beginning of The Three Weeks period of mourning which culminates on the 9th of Av, commemorating the conquest of Jerusalem, the destruction of the Holy Temple and the dispersion of the Jewish people.
Weddings and other joyful events are not held during this
period; like mourners, we do not cut our hair, and various pleasurable activities are limited or proscribed. (Consult the Code of Jewish Law (Shulchan Aruch) or a qualified rabbi regarding specific proscriptions).
The Lubavitcher Rebbe urged that the Three Weeks should be a time of increased giving of charity and Torah study (in keeping with the verse (Isaiah 1:27), "Zion shall be redeemed by law, and her returnees by charity"), particularly the study of those portions of Torah that deal with the laws and the deeper significance of the Holy Temple.
You have today's meal before you on the table and sit and fret over what will be tomorrow -- and you claim you are "just being practical." This is not being practical -- this is confusion.
Every day you are nourished straight from His full, open and overflowing hand. Everything in between -- all your work and accounts and bills and clients and prospects and investments -- all is but a cloud of
interfacebetween His giving hand and your soul, an interface of no real
substance which He bends and flexes at whim.
If so, if He is feeding you today, and He has fed you and provided all you
need and more all these days, what concerns could you have about tomorrow? Is
there then something that could stand in His way? Could He possibly have run out
of means to provide for you?
Take your focus off the measured channels by which you receive and place your
eyes on the Infinite Source of Giving. The Source has no lack of channels.